122nd US Colored Infantry

Organized at Louisville, Ky., December 31, 1864. Ordered to Virginia January 12, 1865. Attached to 25th Corps, Army of the James, Unassigned, to April, 1865. Dept. of Texas to February, 1866.

SERVICE: Duty in the Defences of Portsmouth, Va., till February, 1865. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., February to April, 1865. Fall of Petersburg and Richmond April 2-3. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia till June, 1865. Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, June and July. Duty at Brownsville and at various points on the Rio Grande till February, 1866. Mustered out February 8, 1866.

Thus far, research has only revealed one man with Williamson County ties who served in the 122nd US Colored Infantry:  Pvt. Afred Rutherford, aka Alfred Browning. He was born in Williamson County around 1830. On September 24, 1864, he enlisted in Company F of the regiment in Bowling Green, Kentucky. He appears to have been a substitute for a drafted man. During his service, he would have been sent east to Virginia where they participated in the siege of Richmond at the end of the War. During the post-War period, the regiment was sent to the US border in Texas. He mustered out with his regiment on February 8, 1866, in Corpus Christie, Texas. Following his service, Rutherford appears to have moved back to Kentucky where he married and received a pension. He used the name Alfred Browning during this time. He died there around 1909.