4th US Colored Heavy Artillery

OVERVIEW: Organized from 2nd Tennessee Heavy Artillery (African Descent). Designated 3rd Heavy Artillery March 11, 1864, and 4th Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864. Attached to District of Columbus, 16th Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to August, 1864. District of Columbus, Dept. of Ohio, to June, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to February, 1866.

SERVICE: Garrison duty at Fort Halleck, Columbus, Ky., till June, 1865. Union City, Tenn., September 2, 1864. Near Fort Donelson, Tenn., October 11. Moved to Arkansas June, 1865, and duty at Pine Bluff, Ark., till February, 1866. Mustered out February 25, 1866.


Organized at Columbus, Ky., June, 1863. Attached to District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to April, 1864. Post and garrison duty at Union City, Tenn., and Columbus, Ky., till April, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 4th United States Colored Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864.

 Skirmish at Fort Donelson, October 11, 1864. A force of Confederate cavalry attacked a USCT recruiting detachment of the 4th USCHA located near Fort Donelson. After a short skirmish, the Confederates were driven off. An officer of the 110th USCI, who was in command, reported that,

“As for the soldiers they behaved nobly. There was not a single instance in which they did not surpass my expectations of them….the One hundred and nineteenth Colored Infantry, Company I who accompanied the expedition, were conspicuous during the entire fight, and did their whole duty.”  OR, Ser. I, Vol. 39, pt. I, pp. 857-858.

Nine men from Williamson County enlisted in the 4th US Colored Heavy Battery. They all enlisted in Columbus, Kentucky. Several of their enlistment papers included the names of their former enslavers.